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The daff is a large frame drum played with the hands. It has a wooden frame and a stretched skin head (the head is more often made from synthetic materials these days). The daff has hundreds of small circular jingles inside the instrument that make a swishing sound when it is played.

In The Phoenix of Persia, the daff represents the soldiers and the wild countrysideIt is also played in the celebrations at the end of the story. There is a small frame drum in the Shahnameh Box.

What other percussion instruments do pupils know that are struck with the hands? What materials are those instruments made from?

Listen to the sounds of the daff 

soldiers daff.png
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